English Conjunctions Teacher Training #23


What is a conjunction?

A conjunction joins words, phrases, clauses or sentences. Conjunctions, may or may not stand between words they conjoin.

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There are several types of English conjunctions. Like all parts of English, words function in many different ways. The main idea is to think of words in the way they are used. Although we often think of words in English in a certain way, all English words have multiple uses. It is about the usage and the job a word performs.

Conjunctions are no different. There are just a few common conjunctions in the English language. English conjunctions are used to help give explanations, ideas, exceptions, contrasts and consequences. Generally, each conjunction has a specific usage. Just remember that words are just words until we give a certain job to them.

Conjunctions are fun to Teach

Conjunctions used in English are; And, as, because, but, for, just as, or, neither, nor, not only, so, whether and yet. With the many different jobs conjunctions perform, sometimes, learning conjunctions can be challenging. There are four different types of conjunctions. First, let’s start with Subordinating Conjunctions. These words are also known as Subordinators. They join dependent clauses to independent clauses.

What is a clause? A clause is a part of a sentence. There are two types of clauses; Independent and subordinating. An independent clause is a full sentence. In other words, It has a verb and a subject and expresses a complete thought. A subordinating clause is part of a sentence. It does not express a complete thought. It needs further explanation and needs the rest of the sentence to express context and meaning. This is why we sometimes need English conjunctions to explain what we are trying to convey.

Adverbs are Important too

Coordinating conjunctions are second. What are coordinating conjunctions? First, they are also known as coordinators. These types of conjunctions coordinate or join two or more sentences, main clauses, words, or other parts of speech that share the same importance. Correlative English conjunctions work together in pairs with phrases or just words that have equal importance in a sentence. There is one more area to consider when teaching English conjunctions. That would be conjunctive adverbs.

I talk a lot about the many different uses of adverbs. It is often a weak area with most Ukrainian students. Most students fail to fully understand the use of adverbs. Conjunctive adverbs are important because they are used to connect one clause with another, help show sequence, contrast, cause and effect as well as other relationships.

Go here for more information and a quiz to help you with your conjunctions. Thanks to our friends at Ginger Software for there help in creating this article.

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