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Welcome to Larisa English Club #19

What’s in The News? Road to The United States Constitution.

Speaking Practice. Academy Awards.

English Grammar. Verbs + Infinitive or –ING

What’s in The News?

Road to The United States Constitution.

America’s search for a plan of national government was a slow, difficult process. Compromise, cooperation, and creativity were required as the Americans moved from being colonials in a patriarchal monarchy to citizen-leaders in a representative republic of federal states. Most of this process took place in the midst of a long, revolutionary war. Not only were these “the times that try men’s souls,” in the words of Thomas Paine, they were also the times that tested Americans’ intellects and practical political skills in creating a strong, national, republican government.

The Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the United States, on November 15, 1777, but the states did not ratify them until March 1, 1781. The Articles created a loose confederation of sovereign states and a weak central government, leaving most of the power with the state governments.

Divisions among the states and even local rebellions threatened to destroy the fruits of the Revolution. Nationalists, led by James Madison, George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Wilson, almost immediately began working toward strengthening the federal government. They turned a series of regional commercial conferences into a national constitutional convention at Philadelphia in 1787.

Learn more here: http://bit.ly/2x3h9hi

Speaking Practice.

Academy Awards

Janice: Did you see the Academy Awards program last night on TV?

Rob: I watched for awhile; then I had to go to bed.

Janice: You missed a good show. I didn’t agree with the selection for best picture, though.

Rob: I guess I missed that part. What happened?

Janice: Oh, they chose some picture that was so avant-­garde that no one understands it.

Rob: Well, I don’t go to the movies very often. You know me. I prefer more active ­type things.

Janice: Too bad. I really wanted to discuss it with someone.

Language Notes

Academy Awards = awards in the film industry given annually for the best movie, best actor, best director, etc. The awards, small statues, are called Oscars.

Avant-­garde = in the arts, having to do with creative ideas, methods, designs, etc., that are better than all others.

English Grammar.

Verbs + Infinitive or –ING

Verbs + Infinitive

Here are some common verbs in English that are followed by the infinitive:

decide

She decided to study biology, not physics.

help

Can you help me to carry these boxes?

It’s very common to remove the word “to”:

Example: Can you help “me carry” these boxes?

hope

We hope to hear from you soon.

I hope it doesn’t rain this weekend.

learn

She’s learning to swim. (With ing)

It’s very common to add the word “how” if you are learning a new skill:

I’m learning “how” to cook.

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