So, what are the eight parts of speech? If someone had asked me this question ten years ago, I am afraid I would have been grammatically challenged. These days, I answer this question with pleasure.
Teaching Freestyle English to advanced students with a focus on speaking still incorporates grammar. Blended Learning and The Flipped Classroom techniques are essential for all levels of English. Once a student gets to the point where they can explain English in simple terms, they are well on their way to English fluency.
Highlighting the positives and opportunities in English is fun if a teacher thinks that way. Encouraging students to teach the teacher and fellow students is a great way to encourage knowledge retention. One of the best ways to learn just about anything is when a person is able to teach others. The eight parts of speech is a first step.
Teaching the tools needed in English helps all students comprehend and speak English fast. Couple this way of thinking with practice and group discussion and a student will see progress overnight. Teaching the eight parts of speech in the “English language” is always a must.
Through my observations teaching English in Ukraine, many consistencies have come to light. These observations have opened the doors of opportunity for private language schools in Ukraine. The eight parts of English is no exception.
Why do I say this? Most students taught in school from the elementary levels to the eleventh grade never learn eight simple words. What are those words in the English language? Noun, Pronoun, Verb, Adjective, Adverb, Preposition, Conjunction, Interjection. These are the eight parts of speech.
Many students know these words in Russian or Ukrainian but, rarely learn them in English. These words are rarely taught to students in public schools.
To teachers in Ukraine and foreign English speaking teachers who are planning to teach, here are a few simple ways to help your students. Teach students so they are able to repeat and teach others. Keep your instruction simple.
Teach students “Why” we do what we do in English. Try not to focus on examples alone. Focus on the “Why!” Simple questions to ask your students are, “What is a noun?” A noun is “People, Place, Thing, Idea” That’s it! Most Ukrainian teachers tell students that “A noun is a table”. That seems to be the common answer.
Unfortunately, that does not answer the question. The word table is also an adjective and verb. Students are often shocked and confused to learn that table is used in other ways.
Remember that words are just words until they are used in a statement. Is the word a noun? A verb? An adjective?. If a student understands the basic function of a word, it is always easier for the student to correctly pronounce it.
I will cover pronunciation in future articles. For now, let’s finish with the eight parts of English and how to help your students. I will include noun so they are all together. Don’t forget that our website has posters with teaching examples for your students. Download these resources completely free of charge.
Ask these simple questions so your students can teach you by repeating what you say.
What is a noun? “A noun is people, place, thing, idea”
What is a pronoun? “A pronoun replaces a noun”
What is a verb? “A verb is an action, state or feeling”
What is an adjective? “An adjective describes nouns, pronouns and feelings”
What is an adverb? “An adverb modifies or helps describe verbs, adjectives, adverbs and sentences”
What is a preposition? “A preposition helps describe place, movement, time”
What is a conjunction? “A conjunction joins words, phrases or clauses”
What is an interjection? “An interjection is a word used to express emotion”
These are all important parts of the English language. Teachers who teach students in Ukraine will be rewarded with smiles and better comprehension. Using this technique along with examples and visual aides will improve a students ability to comprehend English.