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Modal verbs are one of my favorite subjects to teach. They are often considered one of the most important parts of the English language. The diverse usage of Modal auxiliary verbs makes them extremely useful and yet complicated for some students. Modal auxiliary verbs are just that; Auxiliary Verbs. In perfect speech, they are always used with another verb.

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In spoken English, anything is possible. Teaching English for some time now has taught me a great deal about the English language and how it works. Just speaking English for over sixty years in no way qualifies anyone to teach it. Teaching English to Ukrainians for over nine years has definitely taught me a whole range of teaching techniques and strategies.

Modal verbs are used to refer to time, manners, ability, desire, wants, politeness and more. Modal Auxiliary Verbs also help us to express doubt, fear, commitment, assumptions, ideas and thoughts. In this article, I will help you with different ways we use Modal Verbs for now and the future. Modal verbs of future probability are an important part of the English language.

Modals of Future Probability.

At the Elementary level, the first Modal Verbs taught first are “can and could”. Can and could are often referred to as “Modals of ability”. In other words, can and could are often used to express something we do as an action or as a state. Examples might be “Can you ride a bike?” or “Can you play guitar?”.

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An answer could be “Yes, I can” or “No, I can’t”. Other Modals are taught as we study at the higher levels. So, what about the future and a “Modal verb” plus the verb “To be?”. We use Modal verbs and the verb “To be” when we refer to the present and the future. An example might be; “Will you be home tomorrow?” or “Where will you be tomorrow?”.

“Will” is commonly used for the future. Other examples might be “Can you come to work at 2 tomorrow?”. Can, could, will, would, shall, should, may, might and must can all be used to refer to future events. This tense is “Present Simple for the Future”. It is often referred to as “Timetabled events”.

Future Probability Simple and Continuous.

We also use “Future Continuous” to refer to “Future Events”. An example of this might be “Will you be coming over at 3 tomorrow? short answer “Yes, I will”. The use of “Will” is common for both “Future Simple” and Future Continuous” statements. Remember that “Adverbs” are extremely important in the English language. As a modifier, “Adverbs” do just that; they modify our statements in combination with “Verbs, Adjectives, Adverbs and entire sentences”.

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The use of “Adverbs” allows a better or clearer understanding when we communicate. Another extremely common word combination to express the “Present and Future” is “I would like”. Short form or as a contraction; I’d like”. An example might be “I’d like to visit my friends tomorrow”. Tomorrow is the “Adverb”. “I’d like” is a future intention.

We also can use this expression for requests and offers at the time of speech. An example might be “I’d like a cup of coffee please”. This is an “Indirect Request”. It is often used as a polite way to simply ask someone for something. This article is a brief explanation of the use of “Modal verbs”.

Remember, we use “Modal Auxiliary Verbs and Adverbs” in many ways in the English language. Study English daily and build your vocabulary bank for faster results.

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